Portal de Alhama de Murcia

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Excavations in the street sit Parricide information on Iberian doublings in the municipality (21/04/2008)

These days you have completed two archaeological interventions, as a matter of urgency, and in supervisory jobs and digging in the area defined as historic in the General Plan City Planning has been carried out in the street parricide, No 15 and No. 21.

Like the rest of the excavations have involved the Department of Fine Arts and Cultural Heritage of the Autonomous Community, the cooperation of the City of Alhama and unqualified personnel provided by the City and developers.

The work has been conducted by archaeologists Ginés Jose Serrano and José Baños Muñoz Cánovas, and the results have provided important data for the history of Alhama, which allows us to approach, with increasing accuracy, Alhama urban developments from prehistoric times .

This is the second intervention in the street parricide, of which we knew from the site adjoining the existing stratigraphy, with a horizon of material from slope and materials trawl shot of the different cultures that inhabited the Cerro del Castillo.

The occupation of space appears defined by a significant layer of Iberian period with masonry walls, which are part of a room, with possible industrial use associated with a small metallurgical furnace recovered in 2003 in the adjacent plot and materials dating from around to IV-III centuries BC to be put in relation to the settlement of Cerro del Castillo.

Other older material recovered lead to a period of Late Bronze Final (circa 1000 BC) and the late neolithic period, in the third millennium BC, which also correspond to all the material shot Hill Castillo.

We have not documented any phase of occupation of this space from the first century


until the twelfth century AD At that time he built a large house on a residential basis, outside of what we consider the urban area from the Islamic period in the Plaza Vieja.

It was the large room north of a royal palace that was excavated and preserved in the adjacent plot that must have belonged to an important local family owns a farm that is spread by the house, and with which it has been documented a private cemetery or "swift."

From this, it had documented the first half of a burial has been completed on the present site and next to it, has recovered another tomb, which seems to correspond to an adult woman with an approximate height of 1.81 mt.

These two burials kinship associated with a particular house and thus, away from public or maqbara Islamic cemetery, which began in the bathrooms and extended into the street Log, which is documented in numerous excavations.

Has been of great interest to the type of burial pits, along with the more numerous dug into the earth, common and documented in the various excavations, has found in this case the internal treatment of orange clay and the other grave The full recovered, was composed first by a prefosa and secondly a pit in a whitish hardened ground and, as usual, has confirmed the absence of grave goods in burials, as is customary in the funeral ritual Islamic, even if they have documented numerous round-headed nails that could belong to a tomb covered with wood, something new in the Alhama de Murcia maqbara far.

The two tombs of the twelfth century, following the Islamic ritual known to the disposal of dead bodies inside the pit in the right lateral position with legs extended and slightly bent.

The orientation of the face turned toward the southeast is the direction of the Qiblah in the mosques of Al-Andalus that befits their religious identification.

The burials, usually with good preservation, have been exhumed separating members for future anthropological study.

Without doubt, the results of this excavation have been offered a new perspective on medieval funerary world outside the well-known Islamic maqbara B.lâqwar al-Hamma, and how the occupation and use of this space in the Iberian period.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Alhama de Murcia

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